Commercial Debt Recovery in Israel

By: Adv. Eli Shimony

Debt recovery is a critical aspect of conducting business in any economy. The process of commercial debt recovery in Israel can be complex and time-consuming, particularly for foreign businesses unfamiliar with the local legal system. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the commercial debt recovery process in Israel, including the legal framework, key considerations, and practical tips for maximizing the chances of successful recovery.

Legal Framework.

The legal framework for commercial debt recovery in Israel is governed by the Israeli Civil Procedures Law, 5779-2018 (the “Civil Procedures Law”). The Civil Procedures Law sets out the rules and procedures for the enforcement of monetary claims, including the recovery of commercial debts.

One of the key provisions of the Civil Procedures Law is the requirement for a claimant to serve a formal demand letter on the debtor prior to commencing legal proceedings. The demand letter must specify the amount of the debt and the basis for the claim. If the debt is not paid within 30 days of the demand letter being served, the claimant may commence legal proceedings in the appropriate court.

In order to commence legal proceedings, the claimant must also submit a statement of claim to the court, setting out the facts and circumstances of the case and the grounds for the claim. The statement of claim must also include a copy of the demand letter and any supporting documentation.

Key Considerations.

When pursuing commercial debt recovery in Israel, there are several key considerations that businesses should be aware of, including the following:

Jurisdiction: The jurisdiction of the court will depend on the location of the debtor and the amount of the debt. For debts of up to ILS 50,000, the claim can be brought in the Magistrate’s Court. For debts exceeding ILS 50,000, the claim must be brought in the District Court.

Statute of Limitations: The statute of limitations for the recovery of commercial debts in Israel is three years from the date on which the debt became due. This means that a claimant must commence legal proceedings within three years of the debt becoming due, or they will be barred from recovery.

Evidence: In order to succeed in a claim for commercial debt recovery, the claimant must provide sufficient evidence to support their case. This may include invoices, contracts, and any other documentation that supports the claim.

Cost of Legal Proceedings: The cost of legal proceedings in Israel can be substantial, and businesses should be prepared to incur these costs in the pursuit of debt recovery.

Enforcement of Judgments: Once a judgment has been obtained, the claimant must take steps to enforce the judgment in order to recover the debt. This may include filing a writ of execution, attaching the debtor’s assets, or other enforcement measures.

Practical Tips for Maximizing the Chances of Successful Recovery.

In order to maximize the chances of successful commercial debt recovery in Israel, businesses should consider the following practical tips:

Keep detailed records: It is important to maintain accurate and complete records of all transactions with the debtor, including invoices, contracts, and any correspondence. This will help to support the claim and increase the chances of recovery.

Serve a formal demand letter: Prior to commencing legal proceedings, a formal demand letter must be served on the debtor. The demand letter should specify the amount of the debt and the basis for the claim.

Consider alternative dispute resolution: Before commencing legal proceedings, businesses should consider alternative dispute resolution methods, such as mediation or arbitration, which may be faster and less costly than traditional litigation.

Seek legal advice: Commercial debt recovery can be a complex process, and businesses are strongly advised to seek legal advice from a qualified attorney. An experienced attorney can assist with the preparation and filing of the statement of claim, represent the business in court, and provide guidance on the enforcement of judgments.

Act promptly: Time is of the essence in commercial debt recovery, and businesses should act promptly to ensure that the statute of limitations does not expire. This means serving the demand letter and commencing legal proceedings in a timely manner.

Commercial debt recovery in Israel can be a complex and time-consuming process, but with the right approach, it is possible to recover outstanding debts and protect the financial interests of a business. By understanding the legal framework, key considerations, and practical tips for maximizing the chances of successful recovery, businesses can increase their chances of success and minimize the risk of costly and time-consuming legal proceedings.

Civil Procedures Law, 5779-2018.

Eli Shimony – Israeli business lawyer who represents clients on all legal matters in Israel. For any questions please contact us and we will be happy to assist.
By email: [email protected], By phone: +972-52-2769773, +972-3-5507155.
The above is only general information and does not replace legal advice which is usually necessary before taking legal proceedings.


Adv. Eli Shimony

Attorney Eli Shimony holds a bachelor's degree in law (LL.B) and a master's degree in business administration (MBA), brings a broad legal knowledge in his areas of expertise. In addition, attorney Shimony holds a wide range of professional certifications in the fields of civil law, banking, compliance, intellectual property, corporate law and more... Attorney Shimony's main areas of practice: Civil and Commercial Litigation, Class actions, Mediation and Arbitration, Intellectual Property, Companies, Real estate, Wills and Inheritances, Monetary claims, Crypto Currencies, Banking, Compliance and Investments.

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