Lawsuit Process in Israel

By: Adv. Eli Shimony

The legal system in Israel is based on a combination of civil law and Jewish law, with a strong influence from British common law. The Israeli court system is comprised of various levels of jurisdiction, ranging from local magistrates’ courts to the Supreme Court of Israel. The process of bringing a lawsuit in Israel can be complex and requires a deep understanding of the legal system and the relevant laws. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the lawsuit process in Israel, including the steps involved and the relevant laws and regulations.

Filing a Lawsuit.

The first step in the lawsuit process in Israel is to file a complaint with the appropriate court. The jurisdiction of the court will depend on the nature of the dispute and the amount of money at issue. For example, minor civil disputes may be heard in a magistrates’ court, while more complex cases may be heard in a district court.

Once the complaint has been filed, the court will issue a summons to the defendant, requiring them to appear in court to respond to the complaint. The defendant will have a specified period of time to respond to the complaint, and if they fail to do so, a default judgment may be entered against them.

Discovery and Pretrial Proceedings.

Once the defendant has responded to the complaint, the next step in the lawsuit process is the discovery phase. During this phase, both parties will gather and exchange information and evidence relevant to the case. This may include the production of documents, witness statements, and expert reports.

After the discovery phase, the parties may engage in pretrial negotiations in an attempt to resolve the dispute without going to trial. If these negotiations are unsuccessful, the case will proceed to trial.


The trial is the final stage of the lawsuit process in Israel. The trial will be heard by a judge or a panel of judges, and both parties will have the opportunity to present their evidence and arguments. The judge will then make a decision based on the evidence and arguments presented, and the losing party may be required to pay damages or costs.


If either party is dissatisfied with the decision of the trial court, they may appeal the decision to a higher court. The appeal process in Israel can be complex and requires a deep understanding of the relevant laws and regulations.


The lawsuit process in Israel can be complex and time-consuming, but it is an essential aspect of the legal system. By understanding the steps involved and the relevant laws and regulations, individuals and businesses can navigate the process effectively and efficiently. If you are considering bringing a lawsuit in Israel, it is important to seek the advice of a qualified legal professional to ensure that your rights are protected and your case is handled effectively.

Law Citations.

The Civil Procedure Regulations (New Version), 5778-2018

Eli Shimony – Israeli law firm represents clients on all legal matters in Israel. For any questions please contact us and we will be happy to assist.
By email: [email protected], By phone: +972-52-2769773, +972-3-5507155.
The above is only general information and does not replace legal advice which is usually necessary before taking legal proceedings.


Adv. Eli Shimony

Attorney Eli Shimony holds a bachelor's degree in law (LL.B) and a master's degree in business administration (MBA), brings a broad legal knowledge in his areas of expertise. In addition, attorney Shimony holds a wide range of professional certifications in the fields of civil law, banking, compliance, intellectual property, corporate law and more... Attorney Shimony's main areas of practice: Civil and Commercial Litigation, Class actions, Mediation and Arbitration, Intellectual Property, Companies, Real estate, Wills and Inheritances, Monetary claims, Crypto Currencies, Banking, Compliance and Investments.

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